How to teach a child the seasons and months of the year without making him/her cry

The older the child is, the more questions he/she  asks. The child is being interested not only in the surrounding objects but also in abstract notions such as seasons and months. Not every parent can explain why it’s hot in summer and it’s cold in winter, what is June, July, etc.

Different methods and techniques can be used to remember this and to explain this:

 

  • games and associations;
  • tales and poems;
  • riddles and books;
  • posters and cards;
  • cartoons and presentations.
This knowledge will allow the child to behave adequately in society, give an idea of how to dress at a particular time of the year, what seasons’ changes can happen.

The article will tell how to teach your son or daughter to recognize the seasons.

1

When to start

For effective learning, it’s recommended to teach a child from 4-4. 5 years. By 5 years the child should know months and seasons of the year.

During this time the child has observed the changes of seasons for several times and he/she has an idea what cold, heat, rain, snow is.

2

Where to start

You should start learning by using colorful pictures, where the weather and season activities can be clearly seen.

It is better to start with the seasons, each of which is characterized by certain changes. It’s not enough to name it, you need the association. Every season should be described.
  • Winter – it’s snow, New year, Santa Claus and gifts under the Christmas tree, the smell of tangerines, snowballs, snowmen and sledges, warm jackets, hats and mittens, skating.
  • Spring is associated with the melting of snow, with the flowers and leaves on the trees, with Easter eggs and cakes;
  • Summer is the sun, the sea, the river or the lake, all green and colored, butterflies on flowers, a t-shirt, shorts or a dress, skating or cycling, long walks on the street, chalk drawings on asphalt.
  • Autumn – it’s time to harvest, the leaves turn yellow, orange, red, then fall off, there’s first ice on the puddles, etc.

As an example, you can use the drawings which you can show to the child.

3

Ask correct questions

Take four sheets of paper of different colors. Ask your child what color would he/she use to denote different seasons. Based on this, ask questions which will help to describe each season:

  1. How the sun shines?
  2. Is there any precipitation and of what kind is it?
  3. What happen to the leaves?
  4. What do adults do?
  5. What clothes they wear?
  6. How do animals and birds behave?
  7. How do children spend their free time?

Answers to questions are accompanied with thematic cards or use a book to show a good example.

How to teach a child the seasons and months of the year

4

Learn by playing

You can buy a lotto, the cards, posters and, describe to the child what is happening at what time, by playing.

Then play pantomime (expression without words, using body language only) or make riddles to fix the knowledge.

You can ask your child to draw on the 3D the Board his/her assosiations with every season. Or you are drawing and your child tries to guess what time of year is depicted in the picture. On such a board the drawn pictures “come to life” and it’s more interesting to children to look at them. Click the link to order a 3D Board with 50% discount.

Games with clothes

Use clothes for different seasons and ask your child to dress up for a walk at a certain period of the year.

Method of observation

Choose an object outside the window together with your child (it can be a tree or a flower) and watch how it changes depending on the weather. Let your child describe what is happening to the object of observation, and must write it. It’s better to take pictures to see the changes visually.

Create a family photo calendar to make it easier for your child to associate not only the seasons but also the months. Photos must be taken at different periods of the year in order the child could be able to distinguish them.

Find the extra word

  • Flowers, grass, sun, snowflakes, butterflies.
  • Snow, skates, snowman, flower, Santa Claus, snowflake.

Invent other variants.

5

Rhymes

Seasons

Spring is green,

Summer is bright.

Autumn is yellow,

Winter is white.

Winter

It’s snowing, It’s snowing.
What a lot of snow!
Let us make some snowballs
We all like to throw.
It’s snowing, it’s snowing.
Let us sledge and ski!
When I’m dashing downhill
Clear the way for me!

About spring

Spring is coming,

Spring is coming,

Flowers are coming too.

Snowdrops, lilies, daffodils

Now are coming too.

About summer

This is the season when nights are short.

And children have plenty of fun and sport.

Boating and swimming all day long

Will make us healthy and strong.

Autumn.

Yellow, red and green and brown,
See, the little leaves come down.
Dancing, dancing in the breeze,
Falling, falling from the trees

To distinguish months will help a fairy tale “12 months” a rhyme:

Twelve month

January brings the snow,

Makes our feet and fingers glow.

February snows again

And sometimes it brings us rain.

March brings sunny days and winds

So we know that spring begins.

April brings the primrose sweet,

We see daisies at our feet.

May brings flowers, joy and grass

And the holidays for us.

June brings tulips, lilies, roses.

Fills the children’s hands with posies.

Hot July brings apples and cherries

And a lot of other berries.

August brings us golden corn,

Then the harvest home is born.

Warm September brings us school,

Days are shorter, nights are cool.

Fresh October brings much fruit

Then to gather them is good.

Red November brings us joy,

Fun for every girl and boy.

Cold December brings us skating,

For the New Year we are waiting.

 

6

Songs

Songs about winter

  • Dashing through the snow
    On a one-horse open sleigh,
    Over the fields we go,
    Laughing all the way;
    Bells on bob-tail ring,
    Making spirits bright,
    What fun it is to ride and sing
    A sleighing song tonight, O

    Jingle bells, jingle bells,
    jingle all the way!
    O what fun it is to ride
    In a one-horse open sleigh
    Jingle bells, jingle bells,
    jingle all the way!
    O what fun it is to ride
    In a one-horse open sleigh

    A day or two ago,
    I thought I'd take a ride,
    And soon Miss Fanny Bright
    Was seated by my side;
    The horse was lean and lank;
    Misfortune seemed his lot;
    He got into a drifted bank,
    And we, we got upset. O

    Jingle bells, jingle bells,
    jingle all the way!
    O what fun it is to ride
    In a one-horse open sleigh
    Jingle bells, jingle bells,
    jingle all the way!
    O what fun it is to ride
    In a one-horse open sleigh

    A day or two ago,
    The story I must tell
    I went out on the snow
    And on my back I fell;
    A gent was riding by
    In a one-horse open sleigh,
    He laughed as there
    I sprawling lie,
    But quickly drove away, O

    Jingle bells, jingle bells,
    jingle all the way!
    O what fun it is to ride
    In a one-horse open sleigh
    Jingle bells, jingle bells,
    jingle all the way!
    O what fun it is to ride
    In a one-horse open sleigh

    Now the ground is white
    Go it while you're young,
    Take the girls tonight
    And sing this sleighing song;
    Just get a bob-tailed bay
    Two-forty as his speed
    Hitch him to an open sleigh
    And crack! you'll take the lead, O

    Jingle bells, jingle bells,
    jingle all the way!
    O what fun it is to ride
    In a one-horse open sleigh
    Jingle bells, jingle bells,
    jingle all the way!
    O what fun it is to ride
    In a one-horse open sleigh

  • We wish you a Merry Christmas - (3)
    And a Happy New Year

    We wish you a Merry Christmas - (3)
    And a Happy New Year
    Good tidings we bring
    To you and your kin.
    Good tidings for Christmas
    And a Happy New Year

    Now bring us some figgy pudding - (3)
    And a cup of good cheer

    We won't go until we get some - (3)
    So bring it right here

    We wish you a Merry Christmas - (3)
    And a Happy New Year

    Good tidings we bring
    To you and your kin.
    Good tidings for Christmas
    And a Happy New Year

    Now bring us some figgy pudding - (3)
    And a cup of good cheer

    We won't go until we get some - (3)
    So bring it right here

    We wish you a Merry Christmas - (3)
    And a Happy New Year

Songs about spring

  • Spring is coming, Spring is coming,

    How do you think I know?

    I found some tulips,

    That is how I know.

    Spring is coming, Spring is coming,

    How do you think I know?

    I found some daffodils,

    That is how I know.

  • Rain, Rain.

    Go away.

    Come again another day.

    little children want to play.

    Rain, rain,

    go away.

Summer songs

  • Swimming, Digging, Running
    Swimming in the sea
    Digging in the sand
    Running on the beach
    I LOVE SUMMER!

    Drinking, Eating, Spitting
    Drinking lemonade
    Eating watermelon
    Spitting out the seeds
    I LOVE SUMMER!

    Fun for you
    Fun for me
    Play on the beach
    in the park and in the sea

    Fun for you
    Fun for me
    Summer School
    Summer Camp
    We are Happy!

    Swinging, sliding, playing
    Swinging on the swings
    Sliding down the slide
    Playing in the park
    I LOVE SUMMER!

    Camping, Having, Watching
    Camping by the lake
    Having a BBQ
    Watching fireworks

    Fun for you
    Fun for me
    Play on the beach
    in the park and in the sea

    Fun for you
    Fun for me
    Summer School
    Summer Camp
    We are Happy!

    Let’s all sing together
    I LOVE SUMMER!

    I LOVE SUMMER!
    I LOVE SUMMER!
    I LOVE SUMMER!
    I LOVE SUMMER!

  • Summer time, summer time,
    Summer time, summer time.

    Sun, sun, sun,
    I like the Sun.
    Sun, sun, sun,
    I like the Sun.

    Sea, sea, sea,
    I like deep blue sea.
    Sea, sea, sea,
    I like deep blue sea.

    Summer time, summer time,
    Summer time, summer time. (В конце припева останавливаются)

    Grass, grass, grass, (Шагают на месте)
    I like green, green grass.
    Grass, grass, grass,
    I like green, green grass.

    Butterflies, butterflies,
    I like butterflies.
    Butterflies, butterflies,
    I like butterflies.

    Summer time, summer time,
    Summer time, summer time,
    Summer time, summer time,
    I like summer time.

Autumn songs

  • How many leaves?
    Look. Up there. In the tree.
    How many leaves do you see?
    Let’s count.
    How many leaves do you see?
    How many leaves in the tree?
    Let’s all count them…one, two, three
    How many leaves do you see?
    One…two…three
    I see one leaf in the tree.
    I see two leaves in the tree.
    I see three leaves in the tree.
    What colors do you see?
    What color leaves do you see?
    What color leaves are in the tree?
    Let’s all count them one, two, three.
    What color leaves do you see?
    Red, Orange, Yellow
    I see a red leaf in the tree.
    I see an orange leaf in the tree.
    I see a yellow leaf in the tree.
    Red, Orange, Yellow, one, two, three.
    The leaves are falling down.
    How many leaves are falling down?
    How many leaves are on the ground?
    Let’s all count them 1,2,3.
    How many leaves do you see?
    Red, Orange, Yellow
    I see a red leaf falling down.
    I see a orange leaf falling down.
    I see a yellow leaf falling down.
    Red, Orange Yellow, on the ground

  • The green leaves are turning
    To yellow, red and brown
    And when the wind comes whistling by,
    They'll all come sailing down.

Watch educational cartoons together with your child:

  • “Lessons of aunt Owl”;
  • “Shonny Train”;
  • “Malyshariki”;
  • “Kikoriki” and so on.
7

Riddles

* * *
This is the season when fruit is sweet,
This is the season when school-friends meet.
(Autumn)

* * *
This is the season when vegetables grow,
I come to the garden and make water flow.
(Summer)

* * *
I come with cold and snow.
But you like me and know.
(Winter)

* * *
Blue sky is seen,
The trees are green.
The world looks new and gay,
Because grey winter’s gone away.
(Spring)

* * *
It is hot or warm.
The days are long and the nights are short.
There are many green trees and nice flowers in the parks and in the squares.
The pupils don’t go to school, they have got their summer holidays.
(Summer)

* * *
There’s mist in the garden,
The summer is over.
The trees are bare
And frost in the air.(Autumn)

* * *
The wind is blowing,
The snow is falling.
When all is white,
Short day and long night. (Winter)

To help your child to learn the months and their sequence, invent the clues where the words and the months begin with the same letter.
8

Learning months

Tell your child that 1 year = 12 months.

All 12 months are divided into 4 seasons which the child should already know. The child should memorize their names. It’s easier to do this by using associations.

For example: December – New year, Santa Claus, gifts; March – All women’s day, willow blossoms, first snowdrops, etc.

9

Remember the number of the days in one month

Use your hands to distinguish the number of days in a month quickly and correctly.

“Bone” rule:

  1. You must clench your hands into fists and look at the bones.
  2. The first bone of the little finger is January, hollow after bone is February, etc.
  3. A month which denotes a bone has 31 days; month “in a hollow” has 30 days (except February-28/29 days).
10

Learn the seasons in English

  1. Make game cards. They should describe the season and its name in English.
  2. Create a calendar of associations in English. Add creativity to the process: draw, make applications and crafts.

How to teach a child the seasons and months of the year

We recommend you to watch this video to learn the seasons in English:

11

What should know

  • Don’t start learning when the child is sleepy or in a bad mood.
  • Learning any material, make the child to memorize. Let him/her to tell you what he/she remembers about each season. So it will be easier for him/her to orientate. Go to the months gradually.
Don’t demand the impossible. Don’t press on your child if it’s easy for him/her to remember the seasons and it’s hard to remember the months. Give a little time to your child, and when the child is ready, back to learning
  • Watch cartoons together with children, ask questions, answer their questions.
  • Buy the required literature: S. Berner “Town”, V. Bianki “A bird’s calendar,” V. Svechnikov “Seasons. Illustrated encyclopedia”, S. Marshak “All year round”.



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